About Lemon :
The name “lemon” first appeared around 1350–1400, from the Middle English word limon. Limon is an Old French word, indicating that the lemon entered England via France. The Old French derives from the Italian limone, which dates back to the Arabic laymun or limun, from the Persian word limun (Iranian Lemon).
History of lemon :
To this day, we have not determined where its origin goes back to and for what period of time, despite the scientific development that humankind has reached, and scientists suggest that it may be northwestern India, as it has been cultivated there for more than 2,500 years. Arab traders brought the lemons to the Middle East and Africa sometime after 100 C.E. It is believed to have been introduced into southern Italy around 200 C.E.; and was being cultivated in Egypt and in Sumer, the southern portion of Mesopotamia a few centuries later.
At first, lemons were not widely cultivated as food: It was largely an ornamental plant (as were tomatoes), until about the 10th century. The Arabs introduced lemons to Spain in the 11th century, and by 1150 AD the inhabitants of the Mediterranean region cultivated lemons on a large scale. Crusaders returning from Palestine brought it to the rest of Europe.
There are two different types of Iranian Lemon :
1- Stone lemon or Lisbon lemon is in a tree that reaches a height of four meters and can only be grown in tropical areas (Mediterranean climate). Its branches are long and its leaves are broad, matte green and elliptical. The petioles are clear and slightly winged. Its flowers are white on the inside and purple on the outside. They are very fragrant. Its flowering is practically continuous (lemon is the only tree that almost always has fruit, flowers and leaves). Its oval-shaped fruit is a shape that is more juicy in late fall and early winter.
2-Iranian Lemon or Shirazi lemons : one of Laymhay acidic fruit is large. This lemon is confused with the Mexican lemon, known as the Omani lemon. Mexican lemon is an acidic lime with small fruits and is considered to be the most sour citrus fruit. The shirazi lemon in the world due to its high economic value a proper option for the cultivation of citrus in the category.
difference between lisbon lemon and Shirazi lemon :
1-in their appearance:
lisbon lemons are usually light yellow in color, while Shirazi lemons are often found in light green, although some varieties turn yellow after ripening, making it more difficult to distinguish between the two fruits.
Shirazi lemons are smaller and rounder than lisbon lemons. There are different sizes of Shirazi lemons, but they are usually 3 to 6 cm in diameter, while sour lemons are often between 7 and 12 cm in diameter and are oval or rectangular in shape.
Differences in taste These two citrus fruits are very similar in taste, both are sour in taste, and when eaten, changing the shape of the face will indicate the wonderful sourness of both fruits! However, lisbon lemon tastes a little sweeter in taste, while Shirazi lemon has a bitter taste. We sometimes describe the Shirazi lemon as more tart than the Lisbon lemon, possibly due to its less bitterness.
Health benefits of shirazi lemons and stone or lisbon lemons :
Both models of lemons have many health benefits, and here are some of the most important items to help you add them to your diet.
Boosting the immune system
The specialists say that both types contain vitamin C, known as ascorbic acid that helps in strengthening the body system. Helps produce white blood cells, which strengthens the body system. Studies have shown that iron and vitamin C in lemon juice prevent DNA damage in healthy cells.
The vitamin C present in lemon produces an important role in collagen production. Collagen develops and strengthens muscles, skin cells, and bones. Without vitamin C, the course of treating disease and injury slows down.
Helps better digestion
Both lemons are high in fiber. It improves the digestive system and reduces bloating. Each lemon contains three grams of fiber, which provides 10% of the daily requirement.
Increase blood circulation
Both lemons contain iron, which is a major violation of the structure of hemoglobin. Without iron, people suffer from anemia and suffer from weakness, fatigue and dizziness.
Citrus fruits such as lemons have a lot of antioxidants that, along with vitamin C, can counteract the effects of free radicals. Studies have shown that it reduces stress and also reduces the risk of early cancer.
Due to its high fiber content, it is suitable for weight loss. You can easily use this fruit without worrying about its calories. Studies have shown that using it between meals helps you lose weight.
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