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History Of Mango (King Of Tropical Fruits):
King Of Tropical Fruits: Mango (scientific name: Mangifera) is a tropical fruit and its plant is from the genus Pistachio. The mango tree belongs to the genus Sumac and originates from the Indian subcontinent, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia and have another name it is King Of Tropical Fruits.
About mango :
This tree is now grown in many tropical countries and exported around the world.
Mango has long roots and light soils are suitable for its growth. Seed trees have a longer lifespan than grafted trees.
In addition to food, cooking and juice making, mango fruit is used as a flavoring, coloring and aroma. Mango tree leaves are also used for decoration.
The mango tree is tall and may reach 35 to 40 meters. The diameter of its leafy part can also reach 10 meters. This tree has a long life and some mango trees, despite being 300 years old, still bear fruit.
The color of the leaves of the mango tree is pinkish orange at the beginning and after germination, which over time turns dark red, and then dark green. The small, white mango flowers are in clusters of 10 to 40 cm. Each flower has 5 petals, 5 sepals and 5 flags, and smells like spring mug.
Mango leaf poultice strengthens the scalp and hair and also has color (black) properties.
Fruits take about 3 to 6 months to ripen. Mangoes can weigh between 500 grams and 2.5 kg. The color and size of ripe mangoes vary according to the environment and light. The ripe fruit can be yellow, orange, red or green.
When ripe, the fruit smells like soft juice and is swallowed with gentle pressure. In the middle of the fruit is a large core that, depending on the type of tree, can be smooth or have strands and fibers in the flesh of the fruit. The flesh of the fruit is dark and sweet yellow. The taste of mangoes is very different according to their species. In addition, depending on the type of fruit or whether it is overripe, the flesh can be smooth or stringy.
The mango tree has been grown on the Indian subcontinent for thousands of years and reached East Asia between the 5th and 4th centuries BC. From the 10th century AD, mango was taken by the Arabs to East Africa, and then to Brazil, the Caribbean, and Mexico.
Today, one-half of all mango products belong to India. We grow mangoes in North, Central, South and the Caribbean, South and Central Africa, Australia, China, Pakistan and Southeast Asia. This plant is easy to grow.
Although India is the world’s largest producer of mangoes, it accounts for less than one percent of global exports. In 2004, world mango production was 26.3 million tonnes, ranking sixth in world fruit production (after bananas, grapes, oranges, apples and green bananas). 89 countries produce mangoes.
King Of Tropical Fruits in iran:
Hormozgan is one of the main origins of mango growing
One of the main origins of this tropical fruit is Hormozgan province in southern Iran due to the hot and humid climate of this region and the highest area of mango cultivation in Iran belongs to this province.
The cultivation of this tree in Hormozgan province is more than 300 years old and about half of the mango orchards of this province are harvested immaturely.
Hormozgan Manga Recipes:
The taste, color and health of the fruits of Hormozgan mango trees have caused a lot of applicants and Bandar Abbas, Minab and Rudan are the most important areas where most of the mango orchards in Hormozgan province are located.
Although accurate statistics on the number of units for processing and processing of unripe and even ripe fruit are not available from the mango orchards of Hormozgan, but in the last two decades, the province’s mango pickle is one of the nationally known brands and even in the Arab countries of the Gulf. Persia and the Sea of Oman have become.
The local cultivars of mango in Hormozgan are called Sabz Mango, Chark, Kelk Sorkh, Musk, Arous and Halili and the imported cultivars are called Langra, Sandri and Alfonso.
The area of Hormozgan mango orchards is about 2,900 hectares with an annual production of 16,000 tons.
Mang day :
July 22 is National Mango Day and we can’t wait to celebrate this flavorful fruit. Mango isn’t just a fruit, it’s a part of culture and history in so many countries .
A celebration for mango in iran :
One of the best ways to increase exports and boost agricultural production and create added value in this sector is to hold festivals and special celebrations such as pomegranate, apple, tangerine, cherry, walnut and other products.
In Hormozgan, a festival is held to thank and introduce as much as possible the capacities of this province in order to produce mango, dedicated to this king of tropical fruits.
Minab city with 1700 hectares of mango orchard has the first rank of production of this product in Hormozgan province and Manab and Jasmine flower festival of Minab this year, as in previous years, was held with the aim of introducing mango fruit and jasmine flowers and identity symbols of this city to compatriots Has been.
Mango Festival is waiting for the support of the authorities
The establishment of numerous exhibitions and festivals of agricultural products, including mango, in addition to creating a platform for the presence of investors and buyers of these products, can pave the way for the introduction and branding of these products in the country and therefore should be given special support.
18 reasons why you should eat a mango:
Antioxidants such as quercetin, isoquercetin, astragalin, fistin, gallic acid and methylgalate in mango protect against colorectal, breast, leukemia and prostate cancer.
2.Keeps cholesterol balanced.
Mango is high in vitamin C, pectin and fiber, which help lower serum cholesterol levels. Fresh mango is a rich source of potassium – an important part of cells and body fluids – that helps control heart rate and blood pressure.
3. Cleanses the skin.
Mango opens the pores of the skin and gives freshness and freshness to your skin. This fruit is compatible with any skin type. Cut a mango into thin slices and place them on your skin for 10 to 15 minutes; Then take a shower or wash your face and see the result.
4. It makes the body alkaline.
According to the Natural Health School website (natural health school.com), mango is rich in tartaric acid, malic acid and a little citric acid, which basically helps maintain the body’s alkaline stores.
5. Helps to lose weight.
Mango has many vitamins and nutrients that make the body feel full. Also, this fibrous fruit improves the body’s digestive process by burning extra calories, and helps to lose weight.
6. Regulates diabetes.
Not only fruit but also mango leaves are very good for your health. For people with diabetes, just boil 5 or 6 mango leaves in a bowl, and let them soak in water overnight; Strain the decoction in the morning and drink. This decoction regulates insulin levels in your body.
Mango has a low glucose index (41-60) so if you overeat a little, your blood sugar level will not rise.
7. It is a medicine to strengthen sexual instincts.
Mango stimulates sexual instincts, and we also call it “the fruit of love.” Mango increases sexual potency in men, as vitamins present in abundance in mangoes help to regulate sex hormones and increase sexual desire
8. Takes care of the eyes.
Did you know that mango is rich in vitamin A? One cup of chopped mango provides 25% of your daily vitamin A needs. Mango improves eye vision, fights dry eyes and also prevents glare.
9. Helps digest food.
Mango contains enzymes that help break down protein. The fibrous nature of mango helps in the process of digestion and elimination. This fruit is rich in prebiotic dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals.
10. Prevents overheating.
This summer, when the sun is bothering you, simply chop a mango in a juicer, add a little water, and a tablespoon of sugar or honey. This drink instantly cools you down and prevents overheating.
11. Strengthens your immune system.
The wonderful combination of vitamin C, vitamin A and 25 different types of carotenoids keep your immune system healthy.
12. You can use it as a body scrub.
Make a paste of crushed mango, honey and milk and use it as a body scrub, after which you will feel your skin is soft and smooth.
13. Helps improve concentration and memory.
Are you studying for your exams? This fruit is rich in glutamic acid – an important protein for concentration and memory. Give mangoes to children who have difficulty concentrating to study.
14. It is high in iron for women.
Mango is rich in iron, so it is a natural and excellent remedy for those who suffer from anemia. Menopausal and pregnant women can eat plenty of mango to increase their iron and calcium levels at the same time.
15. Prevents the formation of kidney stones.
The Chinese consider mango fruit in Chinese medicine, a sweet and sour fruit with cooling energy that can also reduce the risk of developing kidney stones.
17. It is a good snack.
Instead of eating chips and unhealthy cookies, why not enjoy a few slices of mango? Perhaps one of the most delicious dried fruits is mango.
18. It strengthens the stomach.
Before going to bed, put 10 to 15 mango leaves in warm water and close the lid. Strain it the next morning and drink it on an empty stomach. Do this regularly.