Regarding the packaging of export goods, transportation and insurance, what points should be considered in export steps?
Packaging of export goods,points that should be considered in export steps
Prepare your goods for shipment
Identify your strategic partners in the export chain, such as transport operators (forwarders)
For the export of goods, efficient and competitive transportation of your products to foreign markets is very important. Although using a good transport operator is very effective, you also need to know the basics of transport conditions, pricing and documentation.
Using a custom broker, freight forwarder and good logistics is the best way to transport your goods. These companies specialize in providing documentation, shipping rate negotiations, and finding the cheapest way for your product to reach buyers.
You should know Incoterms well
Maritime and air transport has a regular set of instructions that need to be read carefully.
Incoterms are divided into four DCFE groups with terms related to each group,
Group E stands for Ex Works – Delivery of goods at the point of departure at the origin:
Group F – Delivery of goods to the buyer without payment of shipping at the origin:
FCA: stands for Free Carrier
FAS: Abbreviation for Free Alongside Ship
FOB: Abbreviation for Free On Board
Group C – Delivery of goods at the origin to the buyer with payment of freight:
CFR: Abbreviation for Cost and Freight
CIF: Abbreviation for Cost, Insurance and Freight
CPT: Abbreviation for Carriage Paid To
CIP: Abbreviation for the term Carriage and Insurance Paid to
Group D – Delivery of goods to the destination:
DAF: Abbreviation for Delivered At Frontier
DES: Abbreviation for Delivered Ex Ship
DEQ: Abbreviation for Delivered Ex Quay
DDU: Abbreviation for Delivered Duty Unpaid
DDP: stands for Delivered Duty Paid
Read about the rules of labeling or cataloging for your export goods in the destination country
There are some considerations in this area that need to be considered:
- Does the sanctuary country legally require you to use a particular language?
- Should the content of the product and the destination country be included and visible in your product?
- Should the weight and unit of measurement be included in each unit of goods?
- Should each item be labeled separately?
Pack your goods well
You have to consider this point. Loss of goods due to improper packaging has caused more than $ 5 billion in damage worldwide. This in itself is a good reason why new exporters should be aware of proper packaging and be aware of its potential risks during shipment.
Specify your shipping method and get the information you need
Types of shipping methods
- shipping Maritime transport Carriage of goods and / or passengers by sea
- Rail transport Rail transport Carriage of goods and / or passengers by rail
- Road transport Road transport Transportation of goods and / or passengers by road
- Air transport Air transport Carriage of goods and / or passengers by air
- Shipping Mail this procedure is given due to its wide application. Although postage is not a specific method of
Transportation, but because a large volume of exports or imports can be done this way, this procedure will
Be important. But the exporter or importer cannot say what the shipping method will be by post.
- Combined shipping Multimodal transport the method of transporting goods and / or passengers is a combination of transportation methods.
This procedure has been introduced due to its widespread use, although combined transport is not a
Specific method of transport. This method can be used in cases where the goods and / or the passenger
Have been transported by at least two different methods of transport from the point where the shipment
Started to the final destination of the goods or passengers by a responsible person and in a single contract of carriage.
Decide on your export insurance and related considerations
Insurance is a contract under which one party undertakes to compensate the other party and, in the event of an accident that results in damage to the goods in question, to compensate the damage to the goods or to pay a certain amount to him. The obligor is called the insurer (INSURER), the beneficiary is called the insurer (BENEFICIAFY), and the subject of insurance is called the insured or (ASSURED).
In other words, transport insurance is a guarantee that covers the risks of transport and compensates the damage to the goods to the extent of insurance coverage.
Prepare the required documentation for your product
Careful preparation of business documents to avoid delays in the clearance at the port of discharge, and to match the credentials documents that phrases like an exact description of the product (precise product descriptions), packing list (packing list) and certificates, including certificates quarantine (quarantine certificate) and certificate of origin (certificate of origin) to determine, is essential. Although electronic documents make a complex process easier, mistakes can be costly.
Depending on the type of goods, you will need the following commercial documents for the clearance of export goods at Iran Customs:
- Bill of lading:
A bill of lading is a document according to which the sender gives his goods to the carrier to transport them to a specific point. The bill of lading has two features. The first is the existence of a bill of lading indicating the receipt of the goods, which is given by the carrier to the owner of the goods. Second, the existence of the bill of lading indicates the ownership document of the goods during transportation by the bill holder.
- Certificate of origin – COO:
The certificate of origin is a special document, specifying the origin of the goods, in which a reliable source or person authorized to issue it explicitly acknowledges the connection of the goods subject to the certificate of origin to specific countries.
- Commercial invoice:
The invoice is the common invoice in commercial transactions in which the seller declares the amount of his goods / services to the buyer for payment.
Customs Export Declaration:
Declaration of goods to customs is any declaration or action in any form that is accepted or delivered to customs and provides the information or details required by customs.
- Customs warehouse receipt:
Customs warehouse receipt Warehouse receipt or receipt and delivery of goods to the warehouse is a document by which the consignee (warehouseman) certifies the delivery or receipt of goods with specific specifications of the consignee
This document is the most important document regarding the ownership of goods in customs
- Export license Inspection:
A Certificate of Inspection or a Certificate of Inspection is a document issued by an international inspection company. In international trade, where the parties to the transaction reside in different countries and in most transactions the goods are loaded and transported from a third country, the buyer cannot match the quantitative and qualitative specifications and other characteristics of the goods with the sales contract before receiving the goods. To ensure.
- Insurance certificate:
An insurance policy is a contract under which one party undertakes to receive payment from the other party and, in the event of an accident that results in damage to the goods in question, to compensate the damage to the goods or to pay a certain amount to him. To pay.
- Certificate packing list:
The packing list indicates the number of goods in each carton, pallet or any type of packaging agreed upon by the buyer and seller. This type of document is very important when clearing goods at the seller and buyer.